William Pitt the Younger
man who led the Britain politically during the French
Revolution and much of the Napoleonic Wars, William Pitt was
an extremely talented man who aroused both semi-adoration and hatred
in large amounts.
was a lawyer and the second son of the highly regarded Prime Minister
William Pitt the elder. Younger Pitt made a spectacular entry into
politics at 21 and was Prime Minister by the age of 25.
was blamed by Napoleon Bonaparte
for the unceasing nature of the wars and the French leader labelled
him a "genius of evil" and thought of him as his most
being an able administrator and the devotion of a lot of time on
reoganising British finances, Pitt's first of two periods as Prime
Minister (1784 to 1801 and 1804 to 1806) was plagued by national
policy of financing coalitions against France cost Britain heavily
and he introduced income tax to help pay for the military effort
of constraining Revolutionary and Napoleonic France.
had liberal ideas, but many of his domestic reforms were shelved
during the wars largely due to the fear of sparking unrest similar
to that in France.
1801 he successfully joined Ireland to Britain with the Act of Union,
but resigned as PM when King George
III refused to emancipate Irish Catholics.
years later he returned to the premiership and despite ill health
helped forge the Third Coalition against
saw the glory of Royal Navy supremacy at Trafalgar,
but Pitt's hopes were crushed on land by the Austrian capitulation
at Ulm and the destruction of his continental
allies' armies at Austerlitz.
and shattered, Pitt died in 1806.